2 edition of experimental study of interference in visual imagery. found in the catalog.
experimental study of interference in visual imagery.
Karen E. Cooper
Written in English
|Contributions||Manchester Polytechnic. Department of Social Science.|
This long-awaited work by prominent Harvard psychologist Stephen Kosslyn integrates a twenty-year research program on the nature of high-level vision and mental imagery. Image and Brain marshals insights and empirical results from computer vision, neuroscience, and cognitive science to develop a general theory of visual mental imagery, its relation to visual perception, and its . However, Stephen Kosslyn soon intervened in the debate, proposing a theory of visual imagery that was both explicitly computational and overtly pictorialist (or, as he prefers, quasi-pictorial), based on an analogy with computer graphics programs (which were a fairly new thing back then) (Kosslyn, ).
There are countless studies that have confirmed the power of visual imagery in learning. For instance, one study asked students to remember many groups of three words each, such as dog, bike, and. In this case non-musicians appear to be lacking a second, abstract, coding which musicians possess. Experiments III and IV attempted to investigate the nature of the abstract code for musicians by presenting various types of interference in the linguistic or musical mode.
Interference in experimental literature has been a topic of interest for psychologists for over years, with early studies dating back to the s. Hugo Münsterberg was among the first to study this concept by recording the effects of altering some of his daily routines, such as dipping his pen in ink and taking a watch out of his pocket. Which of the following statements about imagery and interference is correct? A. A verbal task interferes with visual imagery more than it interferes with auditory imagery. B. A visual imagery task can interfere with visual perception. C. Mental imagery can interfere with perception, but perception does not interfere with mental imagery. D.
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Dynamic visual noise (DVN) has been shown to interfere with short-term memory (STM) based on visual imagery, but DVN interference has been difficult to. Michael Stipe with Douglas Coupland: Our Interference Times A Visual Record. Published by Damiani.
For this second book in an ongoing exploratory series, multifaceted artist Michael Stipe has collaborated with the writer and artist Douglas Coupland on an investigation of how analog imagery is crashing on the shores of our digital future.
Abstract A new technique for examining the interaction between visual object recognition and visual imagery is reported.
The "image-picture interference" paradigm requires participants to. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 2, () An Experimental Study of Visual Imagination and Memory1 GEORGE ATWOOD-' University of Oregon It is shown that an irrelevant visual perception interferes more with verbal learning by means of imagery than does an irrelevant auditory by: Recently we have shown a direct facilitatory effect of visual imagery on visual perception.
In an attempt to differentiate the conditions under which visual imagery interferes or facilitates visual perception, we designed new experimental Cited by: The present study tested the hypothesis that the effects of mental imagery on subsequent perception occur at a later matching stage in perceptual identification, but not in the early perceptual stage as in perceptual detection.
The behavioral results suggested that the effect of visual imagery on visual identification is content-specific, i.e., imagining a congruent face. Abstract. While researchers have long pondered over the nature (and even the very existence) of visual mental imagery, it is only in the last few decades or so that serious scientific research has been devoted to the study of this phenomenon in modalities other than vision.
Imagery rescripting is an effective treatment strategy for trauma related disorders, but its underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown.
The aim of the present study was to test whether a) imagery (versus writing) is essential in the process of rescripting, and b) rescripting affects emotional memories on an implicit level.
In one study, researchers found that retroactive interference had a negative impact on learning and memory consolidation. After a learning task, some participants were presented with a subsequent interference task at various time points. How to use visual imagery. Follow these few simple steps to provide practice developing students' mental images: Begin reading.
Pause after a few sentences or paragraphs that contain good descriptive information. Share the image you've created in your mind, and talk about which words from the book helped you "draw" your picture.
McKelvie, S. Effects of format of the vividness of visual imagery questionnaire on content validity, split-half reliability, and the role of memory in test-retest reliability.
British Journal of Psychology, 77, – CrossRef Google Scholar. Visual working memory provides an essential link between past and future events. Despite recent efforts, capacity limits, their genesis and the underlying neural structures of visual working memory remain unclear. Here we show that performance in visual working memory - but not iconic visual memory - can be predicted by the strength of mental imagery as assessed.
Lin, C-S. () An experimental study of visual eidetic imagery of Chinese school children The recall of geometric and random figures by children with eidetic memory under conditions of interpolated interference.
Dissertation Abstracts M. () Visual and auditory imagery: a case study. Paper presented at American Psychological. This paper is a theoretical analysis of eidetic imagery, based upon the author's ten-year study of elementary-school-aged children.
The presence of eidetic imagery is inferred from reports of persisting visual images of stimuli when they are no longer in view. Other experiments have ruled out mere distraction, the notion that having any image would add a load to the cognitive system and thus lower visual performance, as auditory images have virtually no effect on visual target (Craver-Lemley and Reeves, ; although they do on auditory ones: Segal and Fusella, ), visual images located far away.
Abstract. Studies have documented the negative effects of mental imagery on perception (also known as the Perky effect) in younger adults, but imagery-interference effects in older adults have never been assessed.
Two experiments examined this issue directly. Experiment 1 demonstrated that visual mental images diminish visual acuity in younger adults (mean age. Various experiments on visual imagery, such as one in which participants compared shapes of states of the United States, led one researcher (Paivio, ) to conclude that imagery coding is: a) symbolic.
b) propositional. c) structural. d) analog. We examined the role of mental imagery skills on story comprehension in fifth graders ( to year-olds), when reading a narrative book chapter with alternating words and pictures (i.e., text blocks were alternated by one- or two-page picture spreads).
A parallel group design was used, in which we compared our experimental book version, in which pictures.
Proactive and retroactive Interference is thought to be more likely to occur where the memories are similar, for example: confusing old and new telephone numbers.
Chandler () stated that students who study similar subjects at the same time often experience interference.
The role of vision in “visual imagery” experiments: Evidence from the congenitally blind. An experimental study of imagination. Manipulation of interference in the passive visual store. European Journal of Cognitive Psychol. Experiment 2 examined the systematic undershooting-overshooting pattern in distance reproduction for a location strategy (involving some extrapolation of the start and end locations), a counting strategy, and a distance sense strategy (involving the use of visual imagery).The Perky Experiment.
Titchener's theories, and, to a very large extent, the introspection based experimental methods he used to test and refine them, have long since fallen into disrepute.
 However, one series of experiments carried out in Titchener's laboratory, by his student C.W. Perky (), has achieved something of a classic, even mythic, status in the literature on imagery.visual imagery and that scientists generally played down the role of imagery in their thinking.
But the study of such mentalistic concepts soon fell on hard times under behaviorism. When behaviorist ideology began to lose its grip on psychology, about two thirds of the way through the twentieth century, mental imagery was one of the first.